Following on our article on Combating Spatial Disorientation in Low-Altitude. We will discuss the somatogravic illusion in more detail.
The somatogravic illusion is a particularly tricky foe in the pilot's arsenal of spatial disorientation challenges. Here's a deeper dive into its characteristics and how to combat it:
Triggering the Illusion
As the name suggests, the somatogravic illusion arises from a combination of somatosensory (body) and gravitational cues. Rapid accelerations or decelerations, especially during takeoffs, landings, or abrupt maneuvers, send conflicting signals to the inner ear and the body.
Taking off: As the helicopter accelerates vertically, your body feels "pushed back" into the seat, mimicking the sensation of leaning backward even though you're perfectly level. This can lead you to mistakenly perceive a pitch-up attitude and potentially overcompensate by pushing the control stick forward, putting the aircraft at risk of stalling.
Landing: During deceleration on approach,the opposite occurs. You feel like you're falling forward, creating the illusion of a nose-down attitude. This might tempt you to pull back on the stick, potentially leading to a hard landing.
Combating the Illusion
Remember, the key to outsmarting the somatogravic illusion lies in cross-checking your instruments. Train yourself to rely on the objective data provided by your gauges, even when your body screams otherwise. Here are some specific strategies:
Focus on the airspeed and attitude indicator: These instruments provide a clear and accurate picture of your actual pitch and airspeed, regardless of what your body might be telling you.
Maintain a consistent scan pattern: Regularly scan your instruments, including the airspeed, attitude, and altitude indicators,to avoid fixating on any single sensation.
Trust your training: During training, you'll likely experience the somatogravic illusion in a safe environment. Recall those experiences and the corrective actions you practiced to maintain control.
Communicate with your crew: If flying with a copilot, verbalize your perceived attitude and rely on their observations to cross-check your interpretation.
Anticipate the illusion: Knowing the situations where the somatogravic illusion is most likely to occur can put you on high alert and allow you to react preemptively.
Minimize head movements: Excessive head movements can exacerbate the illusion.Maintain a stable head position and rely on your instrument scan for situational awareness.
Stay calm and focused: Panic can cloud judgment and worsen the situation. Trust your training, stick to your scan pattern, and calmly execute corrective actions based on your instruments.
By understanding the triggers, recognizing the sensations, and implementing these strategies, pilots can effectively combat the somatogravic illusion and maintain safe and controlled flight during critical maneuvers. Remember, awareness and proper instrument reliance are your best weapons against this deceptive foe.
Also read our article on :
Spatial Disorientation:The Coriolis Illusion
Spatial Disorientation: The Graveyard Spiral